Desert One Movie Review – World Top Trend

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One of America’s excellent documentary filmmakers with a career that stretches back to 1976’s Oscar-winning”Harlan County, USA,” Barbara Kopple is at the top of her game in “Desert One,” a riveting account of President Jimmy Carter’s daring but tragically unsuccessful effort to rescue 52 Americans held hostage in Iran in 1980. Although the episodes it chronicles are now four decades in the past, they have a powerful, immediate charge in an election year when tensions between the U.S. and Iran are at another high. And beyond the political implications, this can be a terrifically dramatic and incredibly emotional film; nevertheless, some of the interviewees struggle to keep composure when remembering their past trials.

Australia is the largest country, geographically, and is a continent in itself. It lies in the southern hemisphere so the weather changes are opposite than those of India. Australia has five of the 30 best cities in the world for students to live in based on student mix, affordability, quality of life, and employment opportunities. The capital of Australia is Canberra. Education system Australia has the third-highest number of international students in the world after the United Kingdom and the United States. It also has seven of the top 100 universities in the world. Australia's national quality assurance system is unique in its structure and rigor. The Australian Quality Training Framework has been set up by the government to strengthen the quality assurance processes in education. College Fit: At the higher education level, students have a wide range of options when they choose a college or university. Although there are agencies that attempt to rank colleges and universities, the concept of “fit” is also important. The GPA* of admitted students are important, but majors offered, location, number of students enrolled, and campus culture are all factors influencing a prospective student’s decision. Some colleges and universities are publicly funded, while others are privately supported. *GPA means grade point average. It is the average of all grades received. Popular student destinations: The top universities in Australia are The Australian National University, The University of New South Wales, The University of Melbourne, The University of Western Sydney, and Monash University (in no particular order). The area of New South Wales on the east coast of Australia is the centre of all its renowned academic institutes. Most of the best colleges in the country are situated in cities like Sydney, Canberra, Brisbane, Melbourne, and Perth. About 107,673 Indian students are studying in Australia during the academic year 2018-19. Accounting, Master of Business Administration (MBA), Health Care, Information Technology, and Hotel Management are the popular courses Indian students pursue in Australia. Latest Update From November 16, 2019, Adelaide, Perth and Gold Coast are classified as regional by the federal government. This allows the cities' university graduates an additional year of post-study work rights (PSWR). Also, the graduates in Darwin city can stay for two more years and Ph.D. graduates can stay up to six years. Even after receiving the regional status for migration, all cities other than Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane will not be entitled to the Destination Australia scholarships. Only areas classified as 'Inner Regional Australia' to 'Very Remote Australia' remain eligible for Destination Australia. Darwin as the only capital city which has access to both the scholarship scheme and an additional two years of PSW. The number of visas set aside for regional migration will increase from 2000 to 25,000. Safety in Australia: Australia is a multicultural society that welcomes people from other cultures, countries, and backgrounds. While the majority of Indian students studying in Australia have a positive experience of living and studying in Australia, there were a number of incidents of assault as well as of robbery during 2009 and 2010, which affected not only Indian students but also members of the larger Indian community in Australia. Presently, no such incidents have been reported and active efforts have been made by the Australian government to prevent such untoward incidents from happening in future. Weather Australia is diverse in its geography and climate. The country is located in the southern hemisphere. This means Australia's summer starts in December and winter begins in June. Nearly a third of Australia is in the tropics where the average temperatures are in the mid 20 degrees Celsius. The southern areas are in a temperate zone. Australian Capital Territory – This region covers Canberra. It has hot, dry summers, and cold winters with occasional fog and frequent frosts. The average temperature in summers would be around 30°C to 15°C; in winters it would be around 11°C to 0°C. New South Wales – This region covers Sydney and its weather is very relaxing all around the year. The average temperature in summers would be around 22°C to 40°C; in winters it would be around 17°C to 8°C. Northern Territory – This region has a tropical climate, and has two distinct seasons, the 'Wet' and the 'Dry'. The Wet season spans from November until April and is characterized by increased humidity followed by monsoonal rains and storms. The 'Dry’ season, from May until October, is characterized by warm, dry sunny days and cool nights. This region covers Darwin. The average temperature in the wet season would be around 33°C to 25°C; in the dry season, it would be around 35°C to 21°C. Queensland - Warm summers and mild winters are what you can expect here. This region covers Brisbane. The average temperature in summers would be around 20°C to 30°C; in winters it would be around 20°C to 10°C. South Australia – This region experiences mild weather with sunshine all year round and covers Adelaide. The average temperature in summers would be around 17°C to 30°C; in winters it would be around 15°C to 6°C. Tasmania - Snow falls in the mountains in winter. However, most people in Tasmania live in towns and cities near the coast. The ocean moderates the temperatures there. It covers cities like Hobart and Devonport. The average temperature in summers would be around 25°C to 10°C; in winters it would be around 11°C to 4°C. Victoria – This region covers Melbourne. It enjoys warm summers, pleasant springs, mild autumns, and crisp winters. The average temperature in summers would be around 26°C to 15°C; in winters it would be around 13°C to 6°C. Western Australia - This region covers Perth and is famous for its long days of sunshine, spotless blue skies, and brilliant beaches. The average temperature in summers would be around 31°C to 18°C; in winters it would be around 17°C to 7°C. Lifestyle tips Australians are known to be friendly and helpful people, with a great sense of humor. Australia is considered one of the most competitive nations on Earth. This covers all areas of life including the workplace. While English is Australia’s national language, there are certain words and expressions that have come to be regarded as uniquely Australian through common usage. Some of them might seem strange to non-Australians. Australians love their sport, both playing it and watching it. The most loved sports in Australia include Australian football, rugby, and cricket. This relatively benign climate has resulted in a country where people spend a good deal of time outdoors at beaches, in the countryside or on sporting fields as either spectators or participants. Indians living in Australia There were nearly 592,000 Indian immigrants living in Australia in 2018. They represent the second-largest immigrant group by country of origin, after China. Almost one-third of all Indian immigrants resided in Victoria. Student life Accommodation Firstly, you need to decide whether you want to live in university managed accommodation, or with a private landlord. Choosing university managed accommodation can also give you a catered or self-catered option. Catered accommodation offers the benefits of your meals being cooked for you and a degree of certainty with meal costs. If you have an idea about what you prefer, the accommodation office at your university will be able to tell you what accommodation they have available - so that’s the place to start. If you are thinking of renting from a private landlord or if your chosen university can’t offer you anything in its own residential facility, the accommodation office should be able to provide you with a list of private properties and landlords in the area. Wherever you choose to live, you should make sure that you know your contractual rights and responsibilities. In most cases you will be asked to enter into a tenancy agreement, which you should read thoroughly before you sign. Orientation Orientation week is mandatory for international students so ensure that you arrive before it starts. This is the time where you will be introduced to the university and its services, as well as enroll in your classes. It is essential that you read your guidebook, which is provided by the college. The guide explains each part of the admission process. Activities Along with sport, colleges offer extra-curricular activities that provide students a wide range of experiences. Music, drama, science and literary societies in colleges offer opportunities for outdoor education and other leisure activities. Visits to theatres, concerts, and places relevant to the courses of study such as art galleries and museums, religious centres or historical sites, scientific companies and projects are all part of college life. Admission process Requirements These vary between study programs and levels. For each course, Indian students will need to meet a minimum English language requirement. Along with that, a minimum academic record of 65% and above in class XII will be required. Foundations and Diploma programs are available for students who have secured below 60%. The student should have completed 18 years of age before joining a degree program. It is important to note that these numbers are just for reference purposes, the actual numbers may differ from university to university. The following documents also need to be submitted: • Attested copies of mark sheets of class X, XII, and the Bachelor's degree (if applicable) • At least, two academic reference letters from professors who have taught you most recently • If you have work experience then two letters of recommendation from the employer/manager who knows you well and can comment on your professional abilities • Statement of Purpose (SOP) • Resume • Photocopied score reports of GMAT / IELTS / TOEFL • Portfolio (in case of Students applying for art and design courses & architecture programs) • Others (certificates/achievements at the state and national level and extracurricular activities) • Proof of funds Timeline Most of the colleges in Australia accept online applications. You will have to visit each college's website to apply. In most cases, you will have to make an account on the college website to provide your basic information, submit the scanned version of your documents, and pay application fees. You will be informed about the application process and its stages through this account. Please refer to the website of the colleges of your choice to know the process of applying. Application fee: All colleges require that you pay an application fee while applying. The fee amount will differ depending upon the college and course being applied to, so check with individual colleges about their application fee. Steps: The common steps to applying for admission are as follows: • Search for colleges and courses • Contact schools and visit websites for information • Narrow down your list of schools • Take the entrance exams like SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, IELTS • Write SOPs and ask for LORs • Apply to the colleges which fit your interests • Appear for video interviews to the colleges who shortlisted you • If accepted, apply for a student visa SOP: A Statement of Purpose (SOP) is your introduction to the college and admission officers. It is always written in first person and describes the reason for applying to a particular college. It needs to highlight why you are a perfect fit for the college and why the college should accept you. The style of writing could differ from formal to casual, but it is important to remember that it should reflect your personality as well. Essay: Essays are also required to be submitted by a prospective student. Essays are an important part of the university admissions process. Students may be required to write one or two essays, along with a few optional essays too. Common topics include career aspirations, strengths and weaknesses, skills, experiences, and reasons for considering a particular school. LOR: A letter of recommendation (LOR) is a reference letter written by a third party describing the qualities, characteristics, and capabilities of the prospective student to recommend him to the college in terms of that individual’s ability to perform a particular task or function. The third-party could be a professor, direct manager, etc. Intake seasons Australia generally has two intakes i.e. February and July, with few universities offering multiple intakes in September & November. You should start your admission process around six months before the application deadline. Typically most universities have three deadlines, during one intake. It is up to the convenience of the students, which deadline to aim for. You should be done with your language and aptitude tests by three months before the deadline. The last three months should be dedicated to filling out the application form properly. It is essential to ensure that the ‘complete application process’ along with appearing for interviews and visa application procedures should be complete by Nov-Dec for the February intake. If you are looking to get admission into vocational courses, then some courses may have admissions open in January and perhaps even May or July. Exams Language exams International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Test Of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and Pearson Test of English (PTE) are all standardized language tests, which are required to be taken for the purpose of getting admission into colleges. These follow different formats, structures, and result bands. These tests are different in various ways but many colleges ask for anyone of the results. So it's up to the student to decide which exam to appear for. Repetition of exams: IELTS can be taken an unlimited number of times. TOEFL can be retaken as many times as wished, but cannot be taken more than once in a 12-day period. Same with PTE, it can be taken as many times as desired. You must wait to receive your scores before you can book your next test. Fee: The fee for these exams is INR 14,000 for IELTS, INR 13,625 (US $180) for TOEFL, and INR 13,300 for PTE. Time to apply: Ideally, if you are aiming at the September intake you should appear for these exams by November so that you can apply before the first deadline. The universities you will be applying to will mention which exam results they will accept. But if they give a choice to go for either of these, then the choice depends on you. The time required to prepare for IELTS/TOEFL/PTE would depend on the existing English language proficiency. You may require 2 to 4 months of preparation before the exam date. General exams GMAT - The Graduate Management Aptitude Test is used to measure the abilities of the potential MBA aspirant to undertake higher education in the field of business or management. It measures the mathematical, English, and reasoning skills of the student. GRE - The Graduate Record Examination is another test required to be taken by students applying to graduate schools to pursue MA or MS. Increasingly many business schools are also accepting GRE scores for the purpose of granting admission for an MBA. Repetition and Fee: You can give GMAT an unlimited number of times, subject to five times a year, and a gap of 30 days between two tests. You can take these tests with a gap of 30 days from the first time. The cost of GMAT is Rs 18,797, and GRE is Rs 14,44. Ideally, if you are aiming at the September intake you should appear for these exams by November so that you can apply before the first deadline. The preparatory duration generally ranges from 4 to 6 months. Average Scores: The average GMAT accepted across universities is 520. The average GRE score is 145 for Verbal, 160 for Quantitative, and 4.0 for Writing. It is important to note that these numbers are just for reference purposes, the actual scores may differ from university to university. The first condition to start your Study in Australia process is to have an English language test like IELTS or PTE- Academic as a proof of your English language skills. Once you have this you need to follow below 7 steps for your Study in Australia Application Apply for offer letter The first and foremost step is to apply for a offer letter in a university or a college you choose to study. One of the most crucial factors here is to choose a course relevant to your previous studies and any work experience you may have. Prepare for your GTE Assessment GTE is very important to clear. If you fail GTE criteria your Study in Australia application will be refused. So prepare this document with utmost care. Mention all the points which indicate that you are a genuine student whose only intention to go to Australia is o study. Pay for your Tuition fees Once you have prepared your GTE documentation and got it approved by the University you pay your tuition fees to get COE to apply student visa to Australia. COE is confirmation of Enrollment for Australia Prepare your visa file Once you get your COE from The University you prepare for your visa documents, arrange for your medicals and any other paperwork relevant for your Study in Australia visa application. Lodge your application After preparing your visa file you lodge your Australia student visa application with Australian Embassy online. You pay your embassy online at this stage Wait for the decision After lodging your Australia student visa application you wait for the decision of your application. The current processing time for Higher education student visa applications to Australia is about 18 days to 1 month. For any further query you may have about Australia student visa application please contact West Highlander. West Highlander based in Chandigarh is the best study In Australia consultant. Ms Parwinder Kaur one of the key team members of West Highlander is a MARA agent registered with office of Mara Australia

“Desert One” really tells two related tales, which it brilliantly interweaves. One is that the story of how the Iranian Revolution, which erupted in late 1978 and led to the flight of the highly unpopular Shah and institution of new Islamic authorities under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in early 1979, also resulted, some months later, from the storming of the U.S. Embassy by student militants, whose hostage-taking provoked a prolonged and torturous stand-off between the U.S and Iran. The second story concerns the rescue assignment Carter released the following spring. American soldiers in many military transport planes and tanks managed to use a place in the Iranian desert designated Desert One as a foundation where they would swoop into Tehran and extract the hostages. However, the ill-fated effort ended in that lonely place, with a loss of eight American lives.

Kopple’s powerful notification of these interlocked stories entailed some notable coups. One is that she gained access to previously unreleased White House tapes (remembering those that resulted in Nixon’s downfall). Carter and his circle discuss the assignment with military commanders minute by moment as it unfolds, and as tense expects to turn to shock and heartbreak. Another coup was that she landed a meeting with Carter (not a simple thing to do: that author has tried), thoughtful and candid in recalling what he says were the worst events of his lifetime, not just his presidency. Furthermore, Kopple got interviews in Iran, including with people involved with the hostage-taking, and one that witnessed the fiery tragedy from the desert.


The movie necessarily evokes certain paradoxes of Carter’s presidency. After he was elected in 1976 (an effort quite entertainingly chronicled in the upcoming doc” Jimmy Carter Rock & Roll President”), he promised hope, renewal, and peace into a country reeling in the Watergate scandal, Nixon’s resignation, and America’s ignominious withdrawal from Vietnam. But though he was the first president to put a strong and enduring emphasis on human rights,” he didn’t promote resistance to the Shah’s brutal dictatorship. (No doubt this was mainly because of Iran’s strategic proximity to the Soviet Union.) In one funniest comic scene here, Carter, the Shah, and their entourages on the White House lawn weep from the teargas fired at demonstrators protesting the Shah’s trip on a nearby street.

All feature-length documentaries dealing with the subject matter as vast as this have to make hard choices concerning what to include an exit. While I entirely respect the decisions made by Kopple and her team, I wish two characteristics of the story was explored in more depth. One is the 1953 coup-mentioned briefly by an Iranian official-in which the CIA and MI6 overthrew Iran’s democratic government and reinstalled the young Shah, who many Iranians would after that regard as an American puppet. (This event is well-treated at Taghi Amirani’s”Coup 53,” also opening this week.) The other facet is that the Carter administration’s reluctant late-Oct. 1979 decision-reportedly at the urging of the likes of Henry Kissinger and David Rockefeller-to admit the Shah into the U.S. for cancer treatment, which directed Iranians to fear that they were in for a repeat of 1953. It had been, one Iranian claims,” a declaration of political war against the people of Iran.”

Sparked by that event, militant Iranian students invaded the U.S. Embassy on Nov. 4 and took its occupants hostage. Khomeini could have instantly ended the siege, but he’d reasons-including how the Shah was still too large-to haul out the catastrophe. So began a 444-day ordeal that would not only be grueling for the hostages but would supply Americans with an agonizing nightly tv scene. The hostages Kopple interviews comprise Kevin Harmening, then a young Marine protector whose mom hit the national news after she listened to Tehran to see him (that the Iranians allowed her a brief audience with her son, subsequently forced her to make a statement against Carter), and John Limbert and Michael Metrinko, Farsi-speaking U.S. career diplomats. These men pertain to the mistreatment imposed on them, including at least one regular implementation, but there are also lighter moments. One clip from Iranian TV shows Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, now Iran’s Supreme Leader, visiting the hostages and being regaled by Metrinko, who states that Iranians’ reputation for hospitality is so accurate and is now being taken to extremes-they won’t allow their American guests move!

In the spring of 1980, following weeks of fruitless diplomacy, Carter put in motion Operation Eagle Claw. It was a risky effort-one participant who says that he was skeptical from the beginning because it had”too many moving parts”-but military leaders like legendary Delta Force creator Col. Charlie Beckwith thought it could succeed. From around the U.S., Special Ops soldiers are called away from their own families (Kopple interviews several of their wives) and whisked off on a covert mission that sees them experience some intensive secret coaching, then ship out for a base in Egypt. The strategy is for the transport planes and eight helicopters-six are crucial for completing the mission-to fly across southern Iran at night and property in Desert One, whence the choppers would venture to Tehran and free the hostages.

At the very first, it is a spiraling boondoggle. There’s a little road running through the area that was supposed to be little used. Still, the moment the Americans are on the ground, it’s”such as Grand Central,” one remembers: here comes a motorcycle, a busload of religious pilgrims (Kopple interviews one who recalls being a wide-eyed boy witnessing the chaos), and two trucks, one comprising gas which produces a giant explosion when the Americans fire it. By this time, two helicopters have gone inoperable. Every time a third falls out of usage, the inevitable command is provided: “abort.” But misfortune turns into tragedy. A giant dust storm swoops in, and when one chopper tries to shoot off, the blinded pilot rams to a C-130 with 40 soldiers aboard, causing it to erupt into a giant fireball. Eight Americans perish in the conflagration.

The extended arrangement that story these episodes is heart-stopping and gut-wrenching, as radically propulsive as any action movie. Along with her interviews with some participants, Kopple’s telling gains enormously from Zartosht Soltani’s outstanding animation and the job of editors Francisco Bello and Fabian Caballero and composer Wendy Blackstone.

After the town’s deaths, the Americans’ bodies had been taken to Tehran to be flipped over to the Red Cross for repatriation. Still, before that happened, the hideously charred and contorted corpses were stripped naked and placed on show for the entire world press event overseen by Sadegh Khalkhali, a Stalin-like monster who had been responsible for innumerable summary executions as Khomeini’s”hanging judge” This horrific act is the tale’s harsh nadir. Back at the U.S, the fallen men were greeted by a stricken and sorrowful nation and their own grieving families, also awarded tributes that appropriately recognized their patriotism, professionalism, and courage.

As starkly tragic as the end of Operation Eagle Claw was, it, along with the history surrounding it, had been too little known and deserve to get discovered and contemplated as a way of imagining a future beyond the missteps and misunderstandings that have retained the U.S. and Iranian governments at violent odds for decades. As for Carter’s mistakes, it’s hard to disagree with Ted Koppel’s assertion that the president’s signaling Khomeini that he wouldn’t use force provided that the hostages were not killed was”as absurd a policy announcement as you could make.” In any case, Carter’s very un-strategic restraint effectively doomed his reelection opportunities; he had been defeated in a landslide by tough-talking Ronald Reagan. But the same careful course also ended in the hostages being released unharmed. Having the 52 Americans returned was Carter’s pre-eminent target. After all, it’s just too bad the eight guys left at Desert One weren’t similarly rescued.

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